Grave 22
     

Hannah Jacobs

1824 – 1899

Here lies
The dear honest and glorious woman
Married/Mrs  Hannah
wife of The Rev/Rabbi Natan Jacobs ZL
The pure soul ascended to heaven
day Friday 28 Adar, 
buried day Sun 1 Nissan 659 small counting
May her soul be bound up in the bond of life eternal

פ׳ט
האשה  היקרה הישרה והמהוללה
מרת חנה
אשת החבר רי נתן יעקאבם ז׳ל
נשמה הטהורה עלתה השמימה
ביום ו ע׳ש׳ק כ׳ח לחדש אדר
ונקברה ביום א ר׳ח ניסן תר׳נט לפק
ת׳ נ׳ צ׳ ב׳ ח׳


IN MEMORY OF
HANNAH JACOBS,
WIFE OF NATHAN JACOBS
WHO DIED ON THE 10TH
AND WAS BURIED ON THE 12TH MARCH
1899, AGED 75.


Hannah was born in Poland to Isaiah and Catherine Woolf. By the 1841 census the family are living in Pensons Gardens Cardiff and Isaiah was described as a Jeweller. 

They were one of only three Jewish families living close to each other in Oxford at the time though Aaron Jacobs and his family arrived a year later, also from Poland. In February of 1844 there was a terrible fire at the Jacobs' family house at 9 Ebbes Street. Aaron and his daughter Rebecca were killed. The eldest son Nathan aged 18  who had only recently arrived from Poland and spoke no English escaped by jumping out of the window but fell on his head and was badly injured.

Just a few months later, in September 1844, Nathan and Hannah Wolfe both only 19 years old were married in Oxford, the first Jewish wedding in the City. It attracted much interest locally and was also reported in The Times. Their first son Aaron, named after his grandfather, was born in 1845.

Nathan was by then the shochet (ritual slaughterer) and it is likely that services were held in the family home. Around 1847 a small synagogue opened in Oxford and Nathan became the first reader. Nathan and Hannah's second son was born in the same year, followed by three more sons and two daughters. In 1858, the family including Hannah's recently widowed mother moved to Cardiff where Nathan had been appointed the first Rabbi at the new synagogue. 

Their last child, Judith was born in 1866. In 1872 the family suddenly left Cardiff and went to Newport where  Nathan held various posts before retiring to Bath in 1879 with Hannah and two of  their children. They lived at 16 and then 20 Charlotte Street, their home being used for some of the Synagogue business meetings. 

Nathan and Hannah's eldest daughter Rose and her husband Michael Franks moved to Bath around 1890. After her husband's death in 1890 Hannah moved in with them and their children at 14 Manvers Street before they moved to Prior Park Buildings where Hannah died in 1899. 
When they died Nathan and Hannah were grandparents to 54 grandchildren.
Nathan Jacobs died in 1890 and is buried in grave 23. 
Administration of the Personal Estate of Nathan Jacobs late of 1 St. Mary-buildings Wells-road Bath in the County of Somerset Jewish Minister who died 12 May 1890 at 1 St. Mary-buildings was granted at the Principal Registry to Hannah Jacobs of '14 Manvers-street Bath Widow the Relict. Personal Estate £150'. 

Daughters 
Their eldest daughter Rose (b1846) married Michael Franks, a Jeweller and Pawnbroker from Russia. In the 1871 census they are living in Midsomer Norton with their daughter Fanny. 1881 they are living in Blaenavon Wales with their five children. By 1891 they are living in Manvers Street Bath and then moved to Prior Park Buildings. It is possible that Rose ran a kosher restaurant and boarding house. 

Rebecca (b1854) married Jacob Wolf, headmaster of the Westminster Jews' Free School.

Their youngest daughter Judith (b 1866)  married Benjamin Woolf, a Newport Pawnbroker at 20 Charlotte Street in August 1887. 

Their eldest son Aaron Joseph a pawnbroker married Sarah Samuel from Liverpool and lived in Pontypool Wales. 

Their second son Emmanuel married Priscilla and was a Pawnbroker living in the 1891 census at 18 Cardiff Road, Newport with 10 children and two servants. He died in 1899, leaving over £3,500 to his wife and son Betram a solicitor.

The third son, Julius (b 1848) a general dealer,  married in 1872 in the Great Synagogue London to Marie Berlyn, a school teacher. They lived in Neath, Birmingham, Bedford and London with their eight children

Benjamin (b 1852) married Lotti Pichi in Pittsburgh. Pennsylvania. 

Their youngest son Isaiah married Josephine Hast. They had three children and lived in Cambridge and then London. 
Census records
 1841   Pensons Gardens  Oxford
Name | Age
Birth
Relationship
Occupation
Hannah Jacobs 15
Poland
Daughter
Unknown
Isaiah Woolf 45
Poland
Head
Jeweller
Catherine Wolf 44
Poland
Wife
Wife
 1851   Little Clarendon Street  Oxford
Name | Age
Birth
Relationship
Occupation
Nathan Jacobs 26
Poland
Head
Jeweller
Hannah Jacobs 27
Poland
Wife
Housewife
Aaron Jacobs 6
Oxford
Son
None
Emmanuel Jacobs 4
Oxford
Son
None
Rosa Jacobs 0
Oxford
Daughter
Child
Julious Jacobs 2
Oxford
Son
Child
 1861  22 East Terrace  Cardiff
Name | Age
Birth
Relationship
Occupation
Nathan Jacobs 34
Poland
Head
Minister
Hannah Jacobs 35
Poland
Wife
None
Catherine Wolf 70
Poland
Mother in law
None
Emmanuel Jacobs 14
Oxford
Son
Assistant
Jehiel Jacobs 12
Oxford
Son
None
Rosa Jacobs 10
Oxford
Daughter
None
Benjamin Jacobs 8
Oxford
Son
None
Rebecca Jacobs 6
Oxford
Daughter
None
Josiah Jacobs 3
Oxford
Son
None
 1871  39 Love Lane  Cardiff
Name | Age
Birth
Relationship
Occupation
Nathan Jacobs 47
Poland
Head
Minister
Hannah Jacobs 48
Poland
Wife
None
Rebecca Jacobs 17
Oxford
Daughter
None
Judith Jacobs 6
Cardiff
Daughter
None
Catherine Wolf 50
Poland
Widow
None
 1881  16 Charlotte St  Bath
Name | Age
Birth
Relationship
Occupation
Nathan Jacobs 56
Poland
Head
Retired
Hannah Jacobs 57
Poland
Wife
None
Isaiah Jacobs 23
Oxford
Son
Clerk
Judith Jacobs 15
Cardiff
Daughter
None
Bertram Jacobs 8
Blaenavon
Grandson
None
 1891  14  Manvers Street  Bath
Name | Age
Birth
Relationship
Occupation
Hannah Jacobs 66
Oxford
Mother in law
Widow
Associated addresses
   9 Prior Park Buildings  Bath
Home of Judith and Michael Franks (Hanna's daughter and son in law) and place of Hannah's death
Hannah Jacobs 
22
Hannah Jacobs
d1899